AD'L- Justice

Justice of God 

Allah is Just. In XCV:8, the Quraan says "Is not Allah the most conclusive of all judges?"

Again in XXI:47 "And we have provided a Just balance for the Day of Judgement. No soul shall be dealt with unjustly in any way. (Any good deed or evil deed) though it be as small as a grain of the mustard seed, will be brought forth by Us (in testimony). We suffice as the best of reckoners."

The Sunni School of thought subscribes to the view that nothing is good or evil per se. What God commanded us to do became good by virtue of His command. What he forbade became evil.

The Shias believe that there is intrinsic good or evil in things. God commanded us to do the good things and forbade the evil. God acts according to a purpose or design. Human reason cannot comprehend this design or purpose in its entirety though man must always strive to understand as much as he can.

Compulsion or Freedom? 
The various schools of thought are divided.

  1. Mutazzilas believe that man is totally free and God exercises no power over his action. Those who subscribe to this view are also known as Qadariyyas.

  2. Mujabbira school of thought believe that man has no freedom and is only a tool in the hands of God.

  3. The Asharia school of thought to which most Sunnis subscribe believe that though man has no free will, he will earn the reward of his good deeds. The Sunni scholar Al-Ghazzalli sums up this doctrine as follows: "No act of any individual, even though it be done purely for his benefit, is independent of the will of Allah for its existence. There does not occur in either the physical or the extra-terrestrial world the twinkle of an eye, the hint of a thought, or the most sudden glance except by the Decree of Allah, of His Power, Desire, and Will. This includes evil and good, benefit and harm, success and failures, sin and righteousness, obedience and disobedience, polytheism and true belief."

  4. The Shias believe that there is neither total compulsion nor total freedom. The true position is the one in-between. They maintain that Allah has fore-knowledge of human action but does not compel man to any particular course of action.

See Quraan:

II:284 IV:79 VI:17 IX:51 X:107 XI:6
XI:56 XXVII:62 XXX:60 XXXIX:52-54



D'L- JusticeClick here for Mp3    | PLAYLIST

It means that the almighty Allah is just. He is not unjust. All his laws are based on justice and he does not oppress his servants as the almighty Allah has said in the Holy Quran: And Allah does not desire injustice for (His) servants. 2 Injustice is a despicable act and the almighty Allah is pure of every evil.


(Adal 1)  Tareef-e-Adal


(Adal 2)  Adal-e-Takweeni


(Adal 3)  Adal-e-Tashreei


(Adal 4)  Adal-e-Kaifri


(Adal 5)  Jabr-o-Ikhtiyaar


(Adal 6)  Qaza Aur Qadr


(Adal 7)  Husn wa Qubh


(Adal 8)  Badaa


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